Athens, Greece. Athens & The Acropolis.
Timeline for Athens:
3,000 BC: first settlement on the Acropolis
480 BC: All buildings of the Archaic Period were destroyed by the
432 BC: Construction of the Parthenon
51 AD: St. Paul delivers a sermon
267 AD: Germanic tribe destroys Acropolis
1687 AD: Parthenon damaged by Venetians L
1974 AD: Changed from a monarchy to a democracy
The victor of the civil war in the 1950s torn down many historic
buildings and built new office buildings. Our guide was dismayed
that so many classical buildings were destroyed.
Greek Orthodox churches can't use statues. Instead, they use
paintings and icons.
We are taking a 28-day cruise that is actually two cruises for many
people. Thus, about 1,100 people got off the ship today, and are
being replaced with people coming on. We heard that the next portion
of our cruise (May 14-30) is full.
This morning we took a tour of Athens and the Acropolis. The tour
began with the most famous temple of the Ancient City--the
Parthenon, dedicated to Athena, the patron goddess of Athens. It's a
long walk up a winding path towards the Acropolis (it's great to be
here while this walking is easy). The Acropolis stands 230 feet
above the city, and comprises a gate with a stone entry and two
temples. The Parthenon is the larger of the temples. The paths and
buildings of the Acropolis are being reinforced. Iron rods to help
support columns are being replaced with titanium rods. Many of the
paths and steps are stone or marble, which are sometimes slippery,
and are sloped downward, so it is tricky walking on them without
feeling that we may slip and fall.
In 1687 AD the Parthenon was used to store gunpowder. During the war
between France and Turkey, over who will control Greece, the
Parthenon was hit, and the gunpowder exploded, severely damaging the
Parthenon. Again, why can't countries let other countries live
without being occupied, so these people and historic buildings can
continue to exist unharmed?! Over and over on this cruise we have
seen the negative results of countries fighting for property,
commerce, and wealth.
There are many great views of Athens from the Acropolis. While
driving through the city, we saw Constitution Square, the tomb of
the Unknown Soldier, where the soldiers keep watch in their
traditional costumes, the Temple of Zeus and the Olympic Stadium.
Photo 691 is an ancient stadium near the Acropolis
Photo 731 is in front of the Parthenon
Photo 738 is the side of the Acropolis hill, with the Parthenon at
Photo 770 is the Olympic stadium from numerous years ago.